The Besta NeuroSim Center is the first center for training and neurosurgical simulation in Europe dedicated to innovative research in neurosurgical simulation, a means in which neurosurgeons can rehearse surgeries in a superb 3-D virtual reality environment. Neurosimulation enables surgeons to plan surgical strategy before performing a real-life operation and reduces medical errors for patients. Our focus is to propose a revolutionary training method for the new generation of neurosurgeons and identify how to achieve performance excellence in surgery.

Simulation in medical education serves several purposes; surgical procedure planning, visual-spatial learning, skill acquisition, and minimizing errors that occur during the early phases of training are some examples.
Simulation, specifically in neurosurgery, has become a great area of interest and is rapidly developing due to advances in medical technology and more recently, significant legislative changes in the neurosurgical resident education guidelines. Neurosurgical residency training programs are now attempting to design medical training to be more efficient and proficient while simultaneously attempting to obtain objective data from which to define trainees’ “competence.” The surgical simulation will be able to provide metrics to assess the trainees. For experienced neurosurgeons, we foresee that simulation will eventually be required for the ‘maintenance of certification’ process, which currently only requires a written test and practice data.

Neurosurgery residency training programs utilizing simulation and a didactic component will produce the next generation of highly competent neurosurgeons, increasing surgical accuracy, reducing procedure times and patient complications, and maximizing training time. Over time, these benefits would result in cost savings as well as a great quality and quantity of life for patients. With its unique gallery of state-of-the-art neurosurgical simulators, the Besta NeuroSim Center would like to propose a revolutionary training method for the new generations of neurosurgeons and identify how to achieve performance excellence in surgery, minimizing patient exposure to any type of risk.


Download pdf about our training approach.

At the Besta NeuroSim Center, we are pleased to continue our close collaboration with leading experts in the fields of neurosimulation, research, and education:


Rolando Del Maestro MD PhD
Director, Neurosurgical Simulation Research Centre, McGill University, Montreal, Canada


Antonio Bernardo MD
Director, Microneurosurgery Skull Base Laboratory, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York


Joshua B. Bederson MD
Co-Director, Neurosurgery Simulation Core, Mount Sinai Health System, New York


Prof. Aidan Byrne
Director, Graduate Studies, Institute of Medical Education, Cardiff University School of Medicine

Giancarlo Ferrigno PhD MSc
Director, Neuroengineering and  Medical Robotics Laboratory (NEAR), Politecnico di Milano

Elena De Momi PhD MSc
Assistant professor, Neuroengineering and Medical Robotics Laboratory (NEAR), Politecnico di Milano